Home  >  115 CFA  > Equity Investments - Reading 41 - 5. Enterprise Value

5. Enterprise Value

i. describe enterprise value multiples and their use in estimating equity value;

What is Enterprise Value (EV) and what is its formula? - Enterprise value (EV) is total company value minus the value of cash and investments. - EV = MV of common stock + MV of preferred stock + MV of debt - cash and investments

What is the EV/EBITDA ratio? - EV/EBITDA is an indication of company value, not equity value. - Since EBITDA are distributed between all types of investors in a company (common shareholders, preferred shareholders, and creditors), they reflect the fundamental value of the company as a whole. Therefore, a multiple using total company value is logically most appropriate.